Zambia is landlocked in southern Africa with a total area of 752,614 sq. km. The climate is tropical and a high plateau landscape with some hills, a rugged terrain and diverse wildlife, with many parks and safari areas. On its border with Zimbabwe is famed Victoria Falls – indigenously called Mosi-oa-Tunya, plunging a misty 108m into the narrow Batoka Gorge spanning the Zambezi River just below the falls is Victoria Falls Bridge.
Independence Day: 24 October 1964
Official Language: English
Capital City: Lusaka
Tourist Capital: Livingstone
Main Moto: One Zambia One Nation
Tourism Moto: Zambia Let’s Explore
Population: Approx. 16.2 million
TRAVELING TO ZAMBIA
The government of Zambia requires that certain nationalities obtain a visa for entry into Zambia. Visitors can obtain a Visa on arrival at the airport or border post as well as from Zambian missions abroad.
All people travelling to Zambia will need:
• Passport valid for a least 6 months from your date of entry
• Return ticket to your country if flying into Zambia
• Funds to cover your stay
• At least two blank pages in your passport to fit the required entry visa
The validity of the visa is not the period in which the holder is entitled to remain in the country but a period within which the holder has to enter Zambia. As such foreign nationals are required to use other instruments offered by the Department to remain in the country legally.
Types of Visas
Single Entry Visa – A Single Entry Visa allows the traveler to enter Zambia only once during the validity of the visa.
Double Entry Visa – A Double Entry Visa allows the traveler to enter Zambia twice during the validity of the visa.
Multiple Entry Visa – A Multiple Entry Visa allows the traveler to enter Zambia multiple times during the validity of the visa. Multiple Entry Visas shall only be issued by Headquarters through the e-visa facility.
Transit Visa – Transit visas are issued to nationals who require visas to enter Zambia and are transiting through using land transport and shall be valid for a maximum period of seven (07) days.
Day Tripper Visa – The facility will also apply to tourists visiting Zambia and wish to visit a neighboring country and re-enter within 24 hours. The Day Tripper shall only apply at Victoria Falls and Kazungula Border Controls.
Gratis Visa – A Gratis Visa is a free visa issued at Zambia Missions Abroad or at Ports of entry to Members of the Diplomatic Community on presentation of letters of accreditation and/or Diplomatic Passports.
The electronic visa (e-Visa) is an online facility for applying for visas to Zambia. All persons who ordinarily require a visa to come to Zambia are eligible to apply for visas through this facility. Holders of e-Visa approval letters can enter Zambia through any port of entry.
All persons who ordinarily require visas to come to Zambia are eligible to apply for visas through the eServices facility by visiting https://eservices.zambiaimmigration.gov.zm
The KAZA UNIVISA allows tourists to obtain one visa to visit both Zambia and Zimbabwe multiple times. The visa is valid up to 30 days as long as the holder remains within Zambia and Zimbabwe. It also covers those who visit Botswana for day-trips through Kazungula Borders.
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Travel tips for visitors to Zambia
In Zambia, the climate is tropical or sub-tropical, depending on altitude, with a hot humid and rainy season from mid-November to March, and a dry season from April to mid-November. In the dry season, there’s a cool period from mid-May to mid-August, and a progressively hotter period from September to mid-November, when the heat becomes intense but with low humidity, October is typically the hottest month of the year.
Light clothing such as cotton is recommended for the hot season, a light raincoat or an umbrella for the rainy season, warm jumpers and fleeces will be required for the cooler months. Warmer clothes may be needed for the mornings and evenings even in the hotter months. A good pair of walking shoes is also recommended, so is sunblock, sunglasses and hats for outdoor activities. When on safari, its best to wear light neutral colours like khaki, green and brown. Avoid white as it will get dirty very quickly. Avoid blue or black clothing as tsetse flies are drawn to these colours and their bite can cause some discomfort.
Lastly, if you will be flying on small aircraft during your time in Zambia, the luggage allowance is usually limited to a maximum of 20 kg (44 lbs), which includes hand luggage. Most lodges and camps provide a same-day laundry service, so you don’t need to pack items for every day.
Zambia is generally quite safe, and Zambians are welcoming and helpful to tourists and visitors, but precaution should always be taken. Personal belongings and valuables should be taken care of as there may be risks of petty thieves and pickpockets; crowded areas are particularly high risk. If you are robbed contact the police as soon as possible and always be polite in your official dealings. In case you lose your passport be sure to inform the police as well as your embassy immediately.
Malaria is prevalent in Zambia and visitors are strongly advised to take several precautionary measures including a course of an anti-malaria drug that covers the period immediately before and after your trip. Visitors are also advised to keep mosquitoes away at night by spraying an insecticide, using mosquito repellent and sleeping under properly treated mosquito netting. Some symptoms of malaria are fever, shivering and headaches and visitors are advised to seek immediate attention if they are exhibiting any such symptoms.
Visitors are also encouraged to reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections such as HIV/AIDS by not having unprotected sex. Visitors with special medical conditions are encouraged to carry a letter from the doctors explaining their health problems and drugs that may help.
The unit currency of Zambia is the kwacha (K) and bank notes come in variations of K100, K50, K20, K10, K5 and K2. Coins come in variations of K1, 50 ngwee, 10 ngwee and 5ngwee. There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency notes visitors may bring into the country. US dollar and British pound are the most convenient and fetch the best rates. Travelers Cheques will also be accepted in most major banks including Stanbic, Standard Chartered and Barclays although the rate will be lower, and you will be charged commission. Visa, Mastercard debit and credit cards are accepted in some hotels and lodges but you may want to carry some foreign currency as you travel. Always change money at a bank or a bureau de change.
The electrical supply is 220/240 volts systems and the three-pin plugs used are of the British square bayonet pin type